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Final energy consumption of the three sectors households, industry and commerce/retail/services is also dominated by fossil energy sources


The sectors households, industry, and commerce/retail/services (not including the mobility sector) consumed about 47.4 TWh of final energy in 2015. With 36% (≈17 TWh/a), natural gas was the most consumed energy source in all three sectors. Natural gas was followed by electricity with about 31% (≈14.4 TWh/a). District heating (consisting of hot water) and district steam (consisting of higher-temperature steam instead of hot water) consumed approximately 14% (≈6.6 TWh/a). More than 13% (≈6.3 TWh/a) of the consumption was covered by coal (including domestic fuel use) and oil. The share listed as "other" contains a few less common energy sources such as Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG).

If the shares of coal, oil, and natural gas are added, the share of fossil energies in final energy consumption of the three sectors was already close to 50%. District heat and district steam production with fossil energies- as well as the share of fossil energy sources in the German electricity mix, not included. If these values are added as well (and if only fossil and renewable energies are considered in the German electricity mix), fossil energy sources had a share of about 85% of the total energy consumption in the three sectors.

The share of the (locally produced) renewable energy in final energy consumption of the three sectors (without considering the German electricity mix) was very low – about 0.6%. If the German electricity mix (share of fossil and renewable energies) was included, the share of renewable energies in the consumption of the three sectors increased to about 10%.

[Strom = electricity; Fernwärme/Ferndampf = distric heating/district steam; Erneuerbare Energien = renewable energies; Erdgas = natural gas; Erdöl = oil; Kohle, Hausbrand = coal, domestic fuel; Sonstiges = other]